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viewpoint

Objections to the Laetare Medal decision

| Friday, March 18, 2016

We are deeply disappointed and discouraged by Notre Dame’s announcement that Vice President Joe Biden and former Speaker of the House John Boehner will receive the Laetare Medal at this year’s commencement. The Laetare Medal is presented annually to an American Catholic “in recognition of outstanding service to the Church and society. It is considered the oldest and most prestigious award for American Catholics.”

Fr. Jenkins explained the University’s basis for its decision: “One of our great challenges today is people who disagree often will vilify, attack, demean the opposition and then they cannot work with the opposition. One of the great Catholic concepts is the common good. What is the common good? You and I may disagree, or Boehner and Biden may disagree, but we have to recognize that whatever we think, we have to act for the common good.

“One thing I hope we do at the University is we try to bring our students to understand they can disagree but they need to talk to one another, reason with one another and despite differences, they should always respect the other person and not demean.

“Unless we do that, we cannot work together, we cannot serve the common good. We are just in this gridlock of antagonism that is all too common today.”

Most would agree the tone of our politics could be improved, but Fr. Jenkins’ call for civility is a mistaken basis upon which to decide who is worthy of the Laetare Medal. By awarding the Laetare Medal to Biden and Boehner, the University discredits the award, which ought to honor an American Catholic for service to the Church and society rather than make a point about the character of political dialogue.

The University has made a mistake, one that devalues the Laetare Medal and reflects poorly on the judgment of the University’s leaders. Unfortunately, this unacceptable decision is exacerbated by the fact that Notre Dame has once again scandalized faithful Catholics across the country, as it did when it honored President Barack Obama with an honorary degree at commencement in 2009.

Joe Biden is a Catholic who served as one of Delaware’s two senators for 36 years before becoming vice president in 2009. During his years in the Senate, he was undoubtedly one of the most rabidly partisan senators. He did more than anyone in Washington to turn the confirmation process for Supreme Court nominees into a political bloodbath. He has repeatedly applauded the Supreme Court’s ruling in Roe v. Wade. For some of his years in the Senate, he received a zero rating from pro-life groups. It was not always so. Early in his career Biden opposed abortion. By the mid-1980s, however, he had evolved out of what he called a youthful reliance upon his Catholic faith, a reliance he now repudiates.

Biden supports federal funding for embryonic stem cell research and voted against a ban on human cloning. He embraces same-sex marriage and the HHS mandate, which requires religious institutions such as Notre Dame to facilitate coverage of contraceptives and abortifacients under its healthcare plans — Notre Dame itself is suing the federal government for relief from this mandate. Biden’s positions on all these issues are directly contrary to Church teaching. His public service has not been “to the Church,” but largely against the Church.

The United States bishops write, “The Catholic community and Catholic institutions should not honor those who act in defiance of our fundamental moral principles. They should not be given awards, honors or platforms which would suggest support for their actions.”

We object to Notre Dame’s decision to honor Vice President Biden with the Laetare Medal. Giving the award to Speaker Boehner at the same time does not alleviate the scandal committed by the University’s blatant disregard for the injunction of the Catholic bishops.

As students of this University, some of whom will graduate in May, we are disappointed Notre Dame has failed in this instance to live up to its Catholic mission. We deserve to see the Laetare Medal given to an American Catholic who merits it by having served as an outstanding example for Catholics and having performed real service to the Church in this country.

Tim Bradley
senior

Alexandra DeSanctis
senior

Christina Gotcher
senior

Sophia Buono
sophomore

Hailey Vrdolyak
senior

John Kill
sophomore

Madeleine Cook
junior

Eileen Madigan
sophomore

Henry Dickman
junior

Michael Moss
junior

Joshua Gluch
junior

James Herrick IV
senior

William Harris
senior

Garrett Fisher
sophomore

Clare Scantling
sophomore

Francesca Patti
freshman

Molly Weiner
sophomore

Sofia Carozza
freshman

Emmett Wilmes
junior

Theresa Gallagher
freshman

Jeanne Farnan
sophomore

Anna Bradley
sophomore

Kevin McCarthy
sophomore

Carolyn Ebner
sophomore

Kathryn Dennee
senior

Michael Singleton
sophomore

Ryan Kerr
junior

Michael Bradley
graduate student

Anna Schaffer
junior

Grace Enright
freshman

Nathan Miller
sophomore

Kerrianne Conroy
sophomore

Patrick Gallagher
senior

Alex Hadley
sophomore

Ryan Sweeney
junior

Nicholas James Gerstbauer
sophomore

Natalia Yépez-Frias
freshman

Teresa Kaza
freshman

Kevin Dougherty
freshman

Grace Agolia
junior

Thomas Wheeler
junior

Lincoln Tyler Robinson
senior

Gavin Ennis
freshman

Brian Buechler
junior

David Carmack
freshman

Matthew Connell
freshman

Sadie Facile
freshman

Ann Gallagher
junior

Ricardo A. Dira Jr.
senior

Joseph Cook
freshman

Isabella Penola
freshman

Margaret Cross
junior

Matthew Souza
senior

Alexander Roth
grad student

Jack Connors
junior

Benjamin Swanson
junior

Sarah Ortiz
freshman

Maria Kunath
sophomore

Giuliana Carozza
senior

Frank Cipollone
senior

Mackenzie Kraker
freshman

Liam Stewart
freshman

John Ryan
freshman

Kylie Minor
freshman

Rebecca Devine
senior

Stephanie Reuter
sophomore

Nicole O’Leary
sophomore

Andrea Desilets
freshman

Emily Fischer
freshman

Jessica Harris
sophomore

Timothy Primes
freshman

Alexander Robinson
senior

Emily Burns
junior

Steven Trottier
senior

John Kessler
sophomore

John Gillen
senior

Redmond Tuttle
freshman

Patrick Koehr
sophomore

William Cheely
senior

Alex White
senior

Tierney Vrdolyak
sophomore

Tim Sherman
sophomore

Mary Mangan
graduate student

Maya Lewis
junior

Daniel Sweeney
freshman

Brian Florin
senior

Colin McCarthy
freshman

William McDonald
freshman

Therese Benz
freshman

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About Letter to the Editor

Letters to the Editor can be submitted by all members of the Notre Dame community. To submit a letter to the Viewpoint Editor, email viewpoint@ndsmcobserver.com

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  • Gary

    Thank God for students who understand the truth better than President Jenkins and the Trusties! Jenkins wants prestige over truth. His actions confuse not only the students but also alumni and friends and disobeys the Bishops. Thank you for this well-thought out letter. If Jenkins has any inkling of wanting to lead us all to the truth – he would recind the awards.

  • Thomas Muldoon

    The undeniable value of a university is the ability to foster different points of view even when as stated in this letter, they are horribly wrong. God bless Fr. Jenkins and Joe Biden.

    • MC

      You can foster different points of view without giving an award to someone. Notre Dame is a true Catholic university and it should follow its Catholic principles, even when those lead to decisions secular universities would not make.

    • maize

      Horribly wrong is not a qualification for a prestigious Catholic Medal.

      What kind of example is Notre Dame setting for its students and for all Catholics? Gaining the whole world and losing your soul is what it means to be a Catholic?

    • Gregory Mary

      Not true, that is not an undeniable value of any university, especially one that has a Catholic name, and at one time would make sure they were not horribly wrong so that they could help with a properly formed conscience. They used to take goodness out into a culture owned by Satan, and now they allow Satan’s culture to come in and cause Notre Dame to be a sewer for Catholics. The soul is infinitely more important than having a Notre Dame diploma, or having knowledge that is not based upon God’s wisdom. At one time Notre Dame was the flagship for Catholic higher education, but over the last several decades, those with beliefs contrary to the teachings of the Catholic Church have been allowed to ruin the university and cause scandal to the faith. Because of Notre Dame leadership culpability, they can share ownership of 60 million babies being killed. Yes may God open the eyes of Father Jenkins and Joe Biden and even Boehner, who all have need to publically apologize to Jesus and Mary for the evil they have helped to foster against the Bride of Christ.

  • Did/does John Boehner also stand with the U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops on these Themes of Catholic Social Teaching (http://www.usccb.org/beliefs-and-teachings/what-we-believe/catholic-social-teaching/seven-themes-of-catholic-social-teaching.cfm ):

    Option for the Poor and Vulnerable. “A basic moral test is how our most vulnerable members are faring. In a society marred by deepening divisions between rich and poor, our tradition recalls the story of the Last Judgment (Mt 25:31-46) and instructs us to put the needs of the poor and vulnerable first.”

    The Dignity of Work and the Rights of Workers. “The economy must serve people, not the other way around. Work is more than a way to make a living; it is a form of continuing participation in God’s creation. If the dignity of work is to be protected, then the basic rights of workers must be respected–the right to productive work, to decent and fair wages, to the organization and joining of unions, to private property, and to economic initiative.”

    Solidarity. “We are one human family whatever our national, racial, ethnic, economic, and ideological differences. We are our brothers and sisters keepers, wherever they may be. Loving our neighbor has global dimensions in a shrinking world. At the core of the virtue of solidarity is the pursuit of justice and peace. Pope Paul VI taught that if you want peace, work for justice. The Gospel calls us to be peacemakers. Our love for all our sisters and brothers demands that we promote peace in a world surrounded by violence and conflict.”

    Do you have issues with John Boehner on these Catholic Social Teachings? If so, why didn’t you mention them? His actions, certainly, have run and continue to run contrary to the mandate from the Bishops you quote: “The Catholic community and Catholic institutions should not honor those who act in defiance of our fundamental moral principles. They should not be given awards, honors or platforms which would suggest support for their actions.”

    Or is your issue with Joe Biden exclusively? If so, then you should have changed the focus of the op-ed to be against his receipt of the Laetere and not wedge Boehner in for the sake of providing a semblance of “balance”.

    • subway73

      I didn’t write the op-ed piece but my issue is with any politician who does not protect the unborn. You can throw Pelosi and many elected democrats into that camp.If Boehner accepts the Laetare, I hope he has a dry handkerchief.

    • MC

      I don’t understand how you feel that John Boehner violated the above principles any more so than the system we currently operate in as a capitalist republic already does. The Catholic Church does not allow for debate or a spectrum of opinions on the issue of abortion, as it does on issues of political economy. Your comparison is apples and oranges.

      • Tell that to the single mother, who kept her children btw, who can’t afford heat and food and shelter.

        • MC

          That makes no sense… People love to bring in this ambiguous “tell that to a single mother” point without making any actual argument. If you clarify what that means, I’d love to respond.

        • maize

          Go talk to Dr. Ben Carson about your concerns.

          • João Pedro Santos

            Oh yeah, Ben Carson, a homophobic doctor who doesn’t believe in global warming. He’s really trustworthy (not!).

          • maize

            A pediatric neurosurgeon that you will never be.

          • João Pedro Santos

            I have no interest in being a neurosurgeon, but if I had such interest, I’d rather recognize that homosexuality is NOT a disease and that global warming is real. Anyway, it’s interesting to see that you are starting to answer in a childish way.

          • maize

            You haven’t the ability to be a pediatric neurosurgeon, you mean.

          • João Pedro Santos

            Of course I don’t. I already said that. Can you read?

  • subway73

    The students who wrote this letter should be very proud of themselves. Unlike the University’s Administration, these folks “get it”. I focus my criticism on Mr. Biden, not Mr. Boehner. Biden does not believe in protecting the life of the unborn, how can that be deemed to be concert with the teachings of the Church? It cannot and is not.
    Mr, Muldoon believes fostering different points of view should be applauded. Yes, in the classroom and on the campus in the form of guest speakers, The one exception is the Laetare Medal honoree. It is to be awarded to someone who upholds the teachings of the Catholic Church. Full stop. If Mr. Boehner had any conviction, he would turn down the award as Mary Ann Glendon did in 2009. Time for the Administration to evaluate how the recipient of the Laetare Medal is determined. Perhaps Father Jenkins could revisit the criteria and awarded it to Barack Obama next time. After all, he did when the Nobel Peace prize for doing absolutely nothing.

    • How can violating repeatedly three aspects of Catholic Social Teaching as John Boehner did during decades of “public service” be “deemed to be concert with the teachings of the Church?” It certainly “cannot and is not”.

      From the first sentence, the op-ed is purported to be about stating a case why both recipients should not receive the Laetare, yet over 3/4 of the content is to prove a case against only one recipient {who is mentioned 8 times by name, twice as many as the other recipient}. Op-ed writers can make a case for whatever side of whatever issue they choose, but they are required to do so with integrity to and consistency with the rhetorical parameters they themselves create.

      Unless of course, “equal treatment” isn’t really intended but, rather, a kind of “clever” Trojan Horse strategy that doesn’t quite succeed.

      • subway73

        Your points on Boehner are very enlightening and are a meaningful addition to the discussion. I’ll throw him into the Biden column as well.

        • maize

          That woul be an error in judgment.

      • maize

        Which of these words do you have trouble understanding: Mortal Sin.

        • 9 actually – “which” “of” “these” “words” “do” “you” “have” “trouble” “understanding”.

          Mostly because as a sentient CATHOLIC adult, who is capable of not only thinking on HER own but also is not arrogant enough to suggest that employing buzzwords – “mortal” “sin” – will squelch all dissent, the parochialism expressed is reflective of a long, bygone era.

          One which I have NO interest in preserving.

  • João Pedro Santos

    So let’s see…
    – Throughout his life Biden fought for human rights, such as women rights and LGBT rights.
    – Throughout his life Boehner supported the death penalty (something the Catholic Church opposes) and does not seem to care about poverty in the US.
    But you seem to be way more concerned about Biden than about Boehner and you think that two people should be refused the opportunity to marry just because they have the same genitalia. So much false moralism.

    • maize

      False moralism? The Moral Law comes from the Moral Law giver. I suggest you take up the basis for your opinions with Him.

      • João Pedro Santos

        Him who?

        • maize

          The pronoun Him refers to the Moral Law giver in the previous sentence.

          • João Pedro Santos

            Who is the Moral Law giver?

          • maize

            Take an educated guess.

          • João Pedro Santos

            Some dogmatic fundamentalist?

    • DaGeek

      Biden opposes the death penalty? That’s news.

  • Phillip Rose

    Obviously ND and Father Jenkins are letting their love of the Democratic Party and liberalism supercede their Catholicism. We are becoming Catholic in name only when we will not stand for the life of innocents. Will the university be selling indulgences next?

  • Dominic Mancuso

    Obviously ND and Father Jenkins are letting their love of the Democratic Party and liberalism supercede their Catholicism. We are becoming Catholic in name only when we will not stand for the life of innocents. Will the university be selling indulgences next?

    • xoxox

    • João Pedro Santos

      They love the Democratic Party so much that they give medals to Republicans.

  • B Hallahan

    Not everything is black and white, Mr. Bradley. The best way to cut the number of abortions is to prevent unwanted pregnancies that lead to them, which the Obama administration’s Affordable Care Act undeniably does by expanding access to birth control. Republican efforts to restrict the procedure simply by making it illegal will likely prevent some abortions, but will also push demand for abortion services toward back alleys, resulting in injuries, suffering and deaths for some of those women. Abortion restrictions also increase suicides among affected women. The Obama-Biden approach avoids these very significant policy negatives.

    Remember that Mr. Biden is Vice President of the United States, not Vice President of the Catholic Church. Government leaders have a duty to think about all people affected by their policies, not just Catholics opposed to birth control. Unfortunately, reducing the number of abortions to zero is an ambition of neither political party right now. Such a goal would require policies of compassion far beyond what we see in any public advocacy today.

    Meanwhile, consider Mr. Boehner’s appalling record on climate change. Catholic bishops and Popes have spoken out strongly against climate change, yet Boehner disgracefully stonewalled legislative efforts to address it over many years in Congress. His climate denial undermines and mocks the compassion required to be a genuine change agent on a topic as fraught with policy consequences as abortion.

    So please, Mr. Bradley, let’s stop pretending that honor-worthy compassion only comes from one side of Catholic teaching.

    Bob Hallahan, ’90

    • maize

      Mr. Hallahan:

      You are correct when you say that not everything is black and white. Our opinions, however, should clearly be based on fact and not propaganda in order for us to be able to discern the truth.
      By law since 1940, following the 1937 Elixir Sulfanilamide disaster, every state and major city’s Department of Health recorded from hospital records all products of conception, all abortions and all infants born with physical malformations on separate cards by birth certificate number. So, you can easily determine that necessary abortions due to emergency situations prior to Roe v. Wade were performed in hospitals by competent doctors. Both the Thalidomide tragedy in this country and the Rubella scare caused abortions or “mercy killings” to rise and are recorded on those same records.
      The information you cite, was the exaggerated propaganda put out by Dr. Bernard Nathanson, an abortionist and the founder of NARAL. Dr. Bernard Nathanson made a complete confession in two documentaries now available on Youtube: Silent Scream and Eclipse of Reason.
      He recanted all the lies he told (which you obviously believe–God help you), spent the rest of his life fighting against the horror of abortion and converted to Catholicism.
      Perhaps the Laetare Medal should be awarded to Dr. Bernard Nathanson posthumously since we believe one is to walk away from sin, admonish the sinner, not revel in sin and proclaim that Christ would state that the Murder of the Innocents was a call to compassion.

      • João Pedro Santos

        “Any Catholic who obstinately denies that abortion is always gravely immoral, commits the sin of heresy and incurs an automatic sentence of excommunication.”
        As if being excommunicated was something bad.

        • maize

          That all depends on the value placed on your soul.

          • João Pedro Santos

            Define “soul”.

          • maize

            Are you asking me to do your homework for you, again?

          • João Pedro Santos

            Déjà vu much?

          • maize

            Well, that is what the word again means.

        • DaGeek

          Joao, Joao, Joao. Why do you insist on persecuting me? To paraphrase your Savior, who died for you this day.

          • João Pedro Santos

            1st – Nobody is persecuting you. Stop trolling.
            2nd – Jesus didn’t die for me. He died because Republicans of his time killed him for his liberal ideas.

    • DaGeek

      Increasing access to birth control does not cut abortion rates, it increases them. Birth control and abortion are both symptoms of the same distorted and, frankly, sinful mindset – that the sexual act can be separated from its God-ordained procreative purpose. Abortion is, after all, back-up birth control, and more than half of U.S. abortions are performed for women who were on some form of birth control, which failed. And women are dying now in abortion acts, but you cavalierly ignore the nearly sixty million human beings slaughtered through abortion during Mr. Biden’s tenure in federal office. You seem fine with that. We Catholics are not.

      You mention so-called “climate change.” Last I checked, there is no scientific proof that human activities are causing warming, nor that the earth is even warming. And there is certainly no binding Catholic teaching on human-caused climate change.

      Did you forget about same-sex marriage and embryonic stem cell research, which the letter writers also cite as an issue where Mr. Biden has diametrically opposed Catholic teaching?

    • BridieMurphy

      Liberal justification to kill innocent babies always resorts to coat hangers and back alley rhetoric wrapped in the thin veneer of compassion. Where did you get your data on abortion suicide prevention statistics? Hmmm..? Your efforts to occupy the moral high ground is just another rationalization and attempt to normalization killing babies.

  • Michele

    Former member of ND Response here…keep fighting the good fight, dear students!

  • maize

    May I suggest that Fr. Jenkins read Clarence Thomas’ book “My Grandfather’s Son,” to see Joe Biden’s so-called “Catholic” character on full display during Thomas’ SCOTUS confirmation hearings.

  • Angel548

    God bless the students who wrote and signed this letter. I am sure there will be a backlash, keep them in your prayers!

  • L Almaraz

    Father Jenkins explained one of the greatest Catholic conception is the common good. How is abortion a common good? Biden can do all the social justice in the world but whatever goodness he claimed under social justice cannot stand in equal footing with the murder of denfenless babies. How can you work for the advancement of rights for the living and turn around and advocate for the death of so many?
    Father Jenkins, I don’t think you understand the meaning or concept of “common good”!

  • Hugh Byrnes

    So encouraging to see that there are faithful Catholics still attending that University. Today, ND stands as bastine intellectual liberal though more akin to a Unitarian Church rather than a Catholic one. Jenkins has much to answer for his continued destruction of Catholic faith under the guise of secular modernization.

  • BridieMurphy

    Where can I add my name…The blood sacrifice of innocents is the sacrament of the liberal left along with freedoms below the waist.

  • NDaniels

    JOHN PAUL II

    Apostolic Letter Motu Proprio
    AD TUENDAM FIDEM,
    by which certain norms are inserted
    into the Code of Canon Law
    and into the Code of Canons of the Eastern Churches

    TO PROTECT THE FAITH of the Catholic Church against errors arising from certain members of the Christian faithful, especially from among those dedicated to the various disciplines of sacred theology, we, whose principal duty is to confirm the brethren in the faith (Lk 22:32), consider it absolutely necessary to add to the existing texts of the Code of Canon Law and the Code of Canons of the Eastern Churches, new norms which expressly impose the obligation of upholding truths proposed in a definitive way by the Magisterium of the Church, and which also establish related canonical sanctions.

    1.From the first centuries to the present day, the Church has professed the truths of her faith in Christ and the mystery of his redemption. These truths were subsequently gathered into the Symbols of the faith, today known and proclaimed in common by the faithful in the solemn and festive celebration of Mass as the Apostles’ Creed or the Nicene-Constantinopolitan Creed.

    This same Nicene-Constantinopolitan Creed is contained in the Profession of faith developed by the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith,(1) which must be made by specific members of the faithful when they receive an office, that is directly or indirectly related to deeper investigation into the truths of faith and morals, or is united to a particular power in the governance of the Church.(2)

    2. The Profession of faith, which appropriately begins with the Nicene-Constantinopolitan Creed, contains three propositions or paragraphs intended to describe the truths of the Catholic faith, which the Church, in the course of time and under the guidance of the Holy Spirit “who will teach the whole truth” (Jn 16:13), has ever more deeply explored and will continue to explore.(3)

    The first paragraph states: “With firm faith, I also believe everything contained in the word of God, whether written or handed down in Tradition, which the Church either by a solemn judgment or by the ordinary and universal Magisterium sets forth to be believed as divinely revealed.”(4) This paragraph appropriately confirms and is provided for in the Church’s universal legislation, in canon 750 of the Code of Canon Law(5) and canon 598 of the Code of the Canons of the Eastern Churches.(6)

    The third paragraph states: “Moreover I adhere with submission of will and intellect to the teachings which either the Roman Pontiff or the College of Bishops enunciate when they exercise their authentic Magisterium, even if they do not intend to proclaim these teachings by a definitive act.”(7) This paragraph has its corresponding legislative expression in canon 752 of the Code of Canon Law(8) and canon 599 of the Code of Canons of the Eastern Churches.(9)

    3. The second paragraph, however, which states “I also firmly accept and hold each and everything definitively proposed by the Church regarding teaching on faith and morals,”(10) has no corresponding canon in the Codes of the Catholic Church. This second paragraph of the Profession of faith is of utmost importance since it refers to truths that are necessarily connected to divine revelation. These truths, in the investigation of Catholic doctrine, illustrate the Divine Spirit’s particular inspiration for the Church’s deeper understanding of a truth concerning faith and morals, with which they are connected either for historical reasons or by a logical relationship.

    4. Moved therefore by this need, and after careful deliberation, we have decided to overcome this lacuna in the universal law in the following way:

    A) Canon 750 of the Code of Canon Law will now consist of two paragraphs; the first will present the text of the existing canon; the second will contain a new text. Thus, canon 750, in its complete form, will read:

    Canon 750 – § 1. Those things are to be believed by divine and catholic faith which are contained in the word of God as it has been written or handed down by tradition, that is, in the single deposit of faith entrusted to the Church, and which are at the same time proposed as divinely revealed either by the solemn Magisterium of the Church, or by its ordinary and universal Magisterium, which in fact is manifested by the common adherence of Christ’s faithful under the guidance of the sacred Magisterium. All are therefore bound to avoid any contrary doctrines.

    § 2. Furthermore, each and everything set forth definitively by the Magisterium of the Church regarding teaching on faith and morals must be firmly accepted and held; namely, those things required for the holy keeping and faithful exposition of the deposit of faith; therefore, anyone who rejects propositions which are to be held definitively sets himself against the teaching of the Catholic Church.

    Canon 1371, n. 1 of the Code of Canon Law, consequently, will receive an appropriate reference to canon 750 § 2, so that it will now read:

    Canon 1371 – The following are to be punished with a just penalty:

    1° a person who, apart from the case mentioned in canon 1364 § 1, teaches a doctrine condemned by the Roman Pontiff, or by an Ecumenical Council, or obstinately rejects the teachings mentioned in canon 750 § 2 or in canon 752 and, when warned by the Apostolic See or by the Ordinary, does not retract;

    2° a person who in any other way does not obey the lawful command or prohibition of the Apostolic See or the Ordinary or Superior and, after being warned, persists in disobedience.

    B) Canon 598 of the Code of Canons of the Eastern Churches will now have two paragraphs: the first will present the text of the existing canon and the second will contain a new text. Thus canon 598, in its complete form, will read as follows:

    Canon 598 – § 1. Those things are to be believed by divine and catholic faith which are contained in the word of God as it has been written or handed down by tradition, that is, in the single deposit of faith entrusted to the Church, and which are at the same time proposed as divinely revealed either by the solemn Magisterium of the Church, or by its ordinary and universal Magisterium, which in fact is manifested by the common adherence of Christ’s faithful under the guidance of the sacred Magisterium. All Christian faithful are therefore bound to avoid any contrary doctrines.

    § 2. Furthermore, each and everything set forth definitively by the Magisterium of the Church regarding teaching on faith and morals must be firmly accepted and held; namely, those things required for the holy keeping and faithful exposition of the deposit of faith; therefore, anyone who rejects propositions which are to be held definitively sets himself against the teaching of the Catholic Church.

    Canon 1436 § 2 of the Code of Canons of the Eastern Churches, consequently, will receive an appropriate reference to canon 598 § 2, so that it will now read:

    Canon 1436 – § 1. Whoever denies a truth which must be believed with divine and catholic faith, or who calls into doubt, or who totally repudiates the Christian faith, and does not retract after having been legitimately warned, is to be punished as a heretic or an apostate with a major excommunication; a cleric moreover can be punished with other penalties, not excluding deposition.

    § 2. In addition to these cases, whoever obstinately rejects a teaching that the Roman Pontiff or the College of Bishops, exercising the authentic Magisterium, have set forth to be held definitively, or who affirms what they have condemned as erroneous, and does not retract after having been legitimately warned, is to be punished with an appropriate penalty.

    5. We order that everything decreed by us in this Apostolic Letter, given motu proprio, be established and ratified, and we prescribe that the insertions listed above be introduced into the universal legislation of the Catholic Church, that is, into the Code of Canon Law and into the Code of Canons of the Eastern Churches, all things to the contrary notwithstanding.

    Given in Rome, at St Peter’s, on 18 May, in the year 1998, the twentieth of our Pontificate.

    JOHN PAUL II

    (1) CONGREGATION FOR THE DOCTRINE OF THE FAITH, Profession of Faith and Oath of Fidelity, (9 January 1989): AAS 81 (1989), 105.

    (2) Cf. Code of Canon Law, Canon 833.

    (3) Cf. Code of Canon Law, Canon 747 § 1; Code of Canons of the Eastern Churches, Canon 595 § 1.

    (4) Cf. SECOND VATICAN ECUMENICAL COUNCIL, Dogmatic Constitution on the Church Lumen Gentium, 25; Dogmatic Constitution on Divine Revelation Dei Verbum, 5; CONGREGATION FOR THE DOCTRINE OF THE FAITH, Instruction on the Ecclesial Vocation of the Theologian Donum veritatis (24 May 1990), 15: AAS 82 (1990), 1556.

    (5) Code of Canon Law, Canon 750 – Those things are to be believed by divine and catholic faith which are contained in the word of God as it has been written or handed down by tradition, that is, in the single deposit of faith entrusted to the Church, and which are at the same time proposed as divinely revealed either by the solemn Magisterium of the Church, or by its ordinary and universal Magisterium, which in fact is manifested by the common adherence of Christ’s faithful under the guidance of the sacred Magisterium. All are therefore bound to avoid any contrary doctrines.

    (6) Code of Canons of the Eastern Churches, Canon 598 – Those things are to be believed by divine and catholic faith which are contained in the word of God as it has been written or handed down by tradition, that is, in the single deposit of faith entrusted to the Church, and which are at the same time proposed as divinely revealed either by the solemn Magisterium of the Church, or by its ordinary and universal Magisterium, which in fact is manifested by the common adherence of Christ’s faithful under the guidance of the sacred Magisterium. All Christian faithful are therefore bound to avoid any contrary doctrines.

    (7) Cf. CONGREGATION FOR THE DOCTRINE OF THE FAITH, Instruction on the Ecclesial Vocation of the Theologian Donum veritatis (24 May 1990), 17: AAS 82 (1990), 1557.

    (8) Code of Canon Law, Canon 752 – While the assent of faith is not required, a religious submission of intellect and will is to be given to any doctrine which either the Supreme Pontiff or the College of Bishops, exercising their authentic Magisterium, declare upon a matter of faith and morals, even though they do not intend to proclaim that doctrine by definitive act. Christ’s faithful are therefore to ensure that they avoid whatever does not accord with that doctrine.

    (9) Code of Canons of the Eastern Churches, Canon 599 – While the assent of faith is not required, a religious submission of intellect and will is to be given to any doctrine which either the Supreme Pontiff or the College of Bishops, exercising their authentic Magisterium, declare upon a matter of faith and morals, even though they do not intend to proclaim that doctrine by definitive act. Christ’s faithful are therefore to ensure that they avoid whatever does not accord with that doctrine.

    (10) Cf. CONGREGATION FOR THE DOCTRINE OF THE FAITH, Instruction on the Ecclesial Vocation of the Theologian Donum veritatis (24 May 1990), 16: AAS 82 (1990), 1557.

  • NDaniels

    While it is true that Jesus dined with a multitude of sinners in His desire for their repentance and conversion; The Eucharist Is no ordinary supper, it Is The Source and Summit of our Catholic Faith:

    The Prayer of Jesus.*
    1
    When Jesus had said this, he raised his eyes to heaven* and said, “Father, the hour has come. Give glory to your son, so that your son may glorify you,a
    2
    * just as you gave him authority over all people,b so that he may give eternal life to all you gave him.
    3
    * Now this is eternal life,c that they should know you, the only true God, and the one whom you sent, Jesus Christ.
    4
    I glorified you on earth by accomplishing the work that you gave me to do.
    5
    Now glorify me, Father, with you, with the glory that I had with you before the world began.d

    6
    “I revealed your name* to those whom you gave me out of the world. They belonged to you, and you gave them to me, and they have kept your word.
    7
    Now they know that everything you gave me is from you,
    8
    because the words you gave to me I have given to them, and they accepted them and truly understood that I came from you, and they have believed that you sent me.
    9
    I pray for them. I do not pray for the world but for the ones you have given me, because they are yours,e
    10
    and everything of mine is yours and everything of yours is mine, and I have been glorified in them.f
    11
    And now I will no longer be in the world, but they are in the world, while I am coming to you. Holy Father, keep them in your name that you have given me, so that they may be one just as we are.
    12
    When I was with them I protected them in your name that you gave me, and I guarded them, and none of them was lost except the son of destruction, in order that the scripture might be fulfilled.g
    13
    But now I am coming to you. I speak this in the world so that they may share my joy completely.h
    14
    I gave them your word, and the world hated them, because they do not belong to the world any more than I belong to the world.i
    15
    * I do not ask that you take them out of the worldj but that you keep them from the evil one.
    16
    They do not belong to the world any more than I belong to the world.
    17
    Consecrate them in the truth. Your word is truth.k
    18
    As you sent me into the world, so I sent them into the world.l
    19
    And I consecrate myself for them, so that they also may be consecrated in truth.
    20
    “I pray not only for them, but also for those who will believe in me through their word,
    21
    so that they may all be one, as you, Father, are in me and I in you, that they also may be in us, that the world may believe that you sent me.m
    22
    And I have given them the glory you gave me, so that they may be one, as we are one,
    23
    I in them and you in me, that they may be brought to perfection as one, that the world may know that you sent me, and that you loved them even as you loved me.
    24
    Father, they are your gift to me. I wish that where I am* they also may be with me, that they may see my glory that you gave me, because you loved me before the foundation of the world.n
    25
    Righteous Father, the world also does not know you, but I know you, and they know that you sent me.o
    26
    I made known to them your name and I will make it known,* that the love with which you loved me may be in them and I in them.”